Cybersecurity will always depend on a solid foundation. Systems and infrastructure that are not built on a stable and strong foundation will always be vulnerable to attack. One of the strongest foundations you can build your IT infrastructure on is identity-centric protection. Identity-centric protection is not new but sadly, the number of organizations and businesses that have put it in place is not encouraging. This is especially true seeing as over 80% of all security breaches are due to compromised identities. Below, we will look at Zero Trust as one of the architectures that must be adopted for enhanced cybersecurity.
Evolution of E-crimes
E-crimes are on the rise, with the focus now on enterprise ransomware attacks where attackers target billions of dollars in assets and data and ask for millions in ransom. Even with increasing payouts, attack and ransom strategies are also evolving, with criminals now employing double extortion strategies.
Double extortion is where an attacker will siphon data first before activating ransomware. In these cases, the demand is for two separate ransoms; for the removal of the ransomware and the return or the destruction of the stolen data. Because backups are of little help in these cases, organizations have to put measures in place to protect entry or compromise in the first place.
In a Zero Trust model, there are trusted sources. These include users as well as all the devices included in the network. This model assumes that malicious actors can be found both inside and outside the network. Once you make this assumption, then all requests for access to either the system or its data must be authenticated in some way. These requests must also be encrypted and authorized. The best way to do this is through a combination of machine learning and real-time analysis to know if a request is malicious or not.
Computers and Other Devices
For computers and other devices on the network, the first step is to do an inventory of all of them and make a record of all their details and digital signatures. This is a recommended step in Total IT’s data security guide which outlines how to protect data and systems from being hacked or infected. Once the inventory is complete, these machines are made available for monitoring so attacks on a single machine can be identified and stopped before they propagate across the system and to other devices.
One of the best ways to authenticate and authorize requests from human users is through two-factor authentication. Two-factor authentication provides additional security by being an end-to-end solution that is difficult to fake and that is completely visible to everyone in the system. By monitoring two-factor authentications and authorizations, an organization’s security can be beefed up.
With enterprises and organizations relying more and more on counters and IT infrastructure, there is little doubt that cyber threats will continue to be a problem. With all the models being tested to strengthen cybersecurity, Zero Trust is one of the more promising models. The verification, authorization, and encryption of all requests on a network could go a long way in stopping threats before they become complicated cyber problems.