Taking care of digital devices helps to prolong their life and increase their efficiency. Whether you have a PC or a laptop, the maintenance checklist is approximately the same. There are three categories to take care of – file organization, software, and physical maintenance. Follow these steps to make sure that your PC is in its best shape.
1 – File Organization
Every student knows that an organized desktop and file system saves lots of time. It helps to easily find anything, like information needed to order an essay or your notes from the lecture. Organize everything in the “My documents” folder according to subjects with sub-folders. Another tip is to have consistent naming practice – for example, start the name of each file with a date, then name, and subject.
The next step is to clean your desktop. Delete unnecessary shortcuts and icons. Use only the ones you use regularly.
Use the D disk to store the majority of information so that the computer works faster.
2 – Software Maintenance
The next step is to check whether the operating system works correctly. There are several ways to boost its productivity.
3 – Update the System Regularly
The crucial way to make the PC perform best is to always update the operating system. It ensures enhanced security and better efficiency. You can set automatic installation updates or check for them manually.
For manual check, use Start – All Programs – Windows Update. If there is something to install, click Install Updates.
4 – Clean Internet Cache
Another checklist step is to clean up cache from internet browsers. Do not worry, if you need a page you can save it as a bookmark to not lose it. All other cookies and memory should be cleaned. You probably do not need all that social media cache your device stores.
It helps to have more memory space and fix problems like freezing pages or not responding applications. The exact steps depend on the browser you use.
5 – Run Antivirus Scans
Every PC or laptop has to have antivirus software. There are lots of free solutions to choose from. Make sure you run full scans every one or two weeks to eliminate any threats. Also, update this software regularly. The new treats appear every day, so the updates make sure your tool can manage them.
It would be great to also have malware protection on your device. Use it to scan the PC once in two weeks at least.
If you use unknown Wi-Fi networks, install a VPN for additional security.
6 – Clean the Disk Space
For good performance, a PC should have at least 15% of free memory space. This way, the system can work faster. The more files and programs you have, the slower the computer will be.
Clean your memory about twice a month. Here is how you can do that:
Click Start – All Programs – Accessories – System Tools – Disk Cleanup.
In the appearing window, choose all types of files you want to delete. And proceed with cleaning.
Another thing to do is disk defragmentation. You can do it once a month. During this process, the computer saves all the files in one place to easily access them.
7 – Backup Important Information
It is better to be safe than sorry. Use an external hard drive or cloud storage to back up all essential files, whether these are photos, work documents, or your dissertation. You can also use them for huge multimedia files like music or movies. This way you’ll have more free space for the operating system.
8 – Shut It Down
Windows patches system only in shutdown mode. That’s why it is important to turn your PC off regularly. But avoid cold booting and do it properly.
Here is another tip – regularly update the passwords to all crucial online accounts.
9 – Physical Maintenance
Now it is time to clean your PC externally because it also influences performance.
10 – Clean Keyboard, Mouse, Monitor, and Openings
Wipe the accessories with a damp and lint-free cloth. Never spray water directly to the devices. You can also use special wet wipes for computers.
And, of course, do not forget about the monitor. It is better to do this once a week so no dust can affect the PC’s performance.
11 – Keep It Unplugged
The best way to prolong the battery’s life is to unplug it when it is charged. Keeping the devices plugged in all the time is actually harmful to the battery. If you do this constantly, you’ll notice that the device holds the charge worse with time. Charge them only if they are on 20% and lower. As soon as the device is charged – unplug it.
12 – Keep the Vents Open
All the vents need to be open. This way, the PC won’t overheat. It needs to be cool enough to perform its best. It is especially important for gaming PCs. Elevate the laptop to provide good airflow.
And, of course, do not eat in front of your computer and do not put magnets anywhere near it.
Use this checklist to properly take care of your PC. Make sure that the accessories of the device are clean and there is decent airflow. Also update the system and all the tools constantly, clean up space, and scan for viruses and malware.