There are almost 24 million developers in the world, and their number is expected to exceed 27 million by 2023. Programming is becoming more democratic and accessible every year, and the demand for specialists is growing steadily. If you are going to join this business niche, then you need to know about the main trends in the IT industry and life hacks that will help you quickly get used to the profession. Let’s take a look at the main software development trends that will run the digital segment.
1 – Diversity and Democracy
Over the past 10-20 years, the field of programming has become as democratic as possible, and the threshold for entering the profession has decreased as well. You no longer need to study at a university or practice for years to get a job. The number of specialists is steadily growing every year, and the composition of IT departments is becoming more diverse.
2 – Readable Code
An interesting trend that is closely related to the previous one is code simplification. The ability to write a code is no longer considered a sacred skill that only geniuses have. Services for custom software development are becoming simpler and easier to understand, and many tasks can be automated. Algorithms already know how to read and even adjust code for the programmer. Convenient services are also emerging, allowing software developers to quickly and precisely make edits without redrawing the entire code.
The code also becomes more readable and easy to understand. Previously, for the service to work quickly, a complex code should be adapted to old and heavyweight systems. Today computers have become more powerful, and programmers have stopped writing low-level code. On the contrary, they try to make it simpler so that a developer of any level can understand the code without much effort.
3 – Microservice Architecture
At the end of the 2010s, the era of super-applications, ecosystems, and aggregators was a real trend. We order food and a cab on the same platform, which we can also use to chat with friends. Therefore, the need for simple online services with a minimum set of functions disappears. You need to do everything at once. This trend is reflected in the architecture of sites and applications. They increasingly use a microservice architecture — a separate module is responsible for each function. And if it fails, the site continues to work. For example, if the price display module in an online store breaks down, all other functions will be active, and the customer will be able to make a purchase. Previously, sites were based on monolithic structures that had a single processing center, which didn’t work so well.
4 – Mobile Development Standardization
Modern mobile development is rather chaotic: there are no uniform standards, and programmers act according to their own scenario, choosing a more convenient approach in each specific case. Often the team is faced with the task of creating a web version of the product and a convenient mobile version at the same time, as well as making an application for iOS and Android. Large teams allocate separate resources for each task, but startups cannot always afford it. As a result, chaos occurs — everyone works differently. And when moving from one team to another, the programmer has to adapt for a long time to a different style of development. Development standardization is aimed at simplifying the process of creating products for different platforms.